Scientific research is validated by reproduction of the results, but efforts to reproduce spurious claims drain resources. We focus on one cause of such failure: false positive statistical test results caused by random variability.
The history of particle physics has witnessed many experiments that could illustrate the role of statistics, but few can boast a discovery of such scientific impact and dimensions as the Higgs boson, resulting from a colossal collective and technological endeavour.
Experimental determination or detection of the physiological mechanisms underlying disease is by and large a highly complex task. This fact has turned epidemiology into the main tool for generating knowledge in the medical field.
Thus was born the Liebig’s Extract of Meat Company (LEMCO), whose product was immediately successful due to its excellent flavour and affordable price, low enough for the emerging European middle class.
Leonard Parker is Emeritus Distinguished Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He was the founder of a gravitational research center at his university. The center now has his name: Leonard
A long time has passed since 1683, when the Dutch naturalist Anton van Leeuwenhoek observed spermatozoa for the first time using a homemade microscope. He called them «animalcules». Science progressively
In 2012, the Royal Statistical Society issued the following question to the members of the British Parliament, probably regarding the International Year of Statistics (2013): «If you toss a coin twice,
Fra Angelico, Adoration of the Magi, ca. 1451-1453. Washington, National Gallery of Art.
This article talks about some of the symbolic icons of renaissance painting and in particular the ones representing
Microbes are a constant source of surprise. Their «invisibility» does nothing but increase our puzzlement when a microorganism, or its activity, become evident for the first time. Although microbes are
An ice cream can be defined as a preparation which is solid or semisolid due to the action of freezing. We have two main groups: water-based products like slushies and sorbets, and dairy products made with milk and cream.
The generation of scientists and physicians who lived during the interwar years (1914-1945) were specially involved in the military and political events that shaped the history of the twentieth century.
The World Wide Web does not increase polymathy instrumentally. The Internet rather discourages it. Actually, the Internet generation and the library generation have more than a generational conflict. They stage a cultural rupture.
For centuries literature has retaliated against the claims of science by satirising its practitioners as obsessive and possibly mad, or foolish and inept inventors whose experiments continually misfire. Examples of both these groups are discussed in their historical context.
This article analyses The Manhattan Projects comic-book series, which recounts an alternative ending to the Second World War, where the Manhattan Project hides another mission more closely related to science fiction.
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