Sergi Valverde
Expert in complex systems with a PhD in Applied Physics and researcher at the Institute of Evolutionary Biology (UPF-CSIC), Barcelona (Spain), where he leads the Evolution of Technology Lab (ETL). His research group is a pioneer in the study of major evolutionary transitions by comparing biological and artificial systems. His multidisciplinary research integrates various areas of knowledge, from network theory to theoretical ecology and the computational simulation of evolutionary processes. He is a board member for the Catalan Network for the Study of Complex Systems (

Recent advances in complex systems research, computer-based simulations, and large-scale databases, are paving the way towards fully developing a mathematical theory of human history.


Limited adoption of development standards suggests that we still do not understand why software is so difficult to produce. Software standardisation has been limited by our poor understanding of humans’ role at the origin of technological diversity.