The increase in population and in the demand for resources, the permanent mobility of people and animals, climate change, and the deterioration of habitats, as well as the loss of biodiversity, are complex factors that must be taken into account when moving towards a modern concept of health.
Our conceptualization of One Health for this monograph draws from Lapinski, Funk, and Moccia (2015) and their summary of prior definitions. One Health is conceptualized as the idea that the health of humans, other animals (including insects), and ecosystems are interdependent. Health is broadly defined; for instance, human health encompasses not only physical health (e.g., infectious and non-infectious diseases of both acute and chronic duration), but also indicators of the health of people and societies such as psychological, emotional, spiritual, and economic well-being and socio-political stability. The health of animals includes not only physical health and well-being, but also concepts of animal welfare and ethical considerations of animal use. Ecosystem health is not only mitigation of environmental toxicants, but also plant health, biodiversity, sustainability, and ecosystem resilience. This approach to One Health is a recognition and extension of Zinnstag’s (2011) inclusion of health within social ecological systems (HSES). It acknowledges the requirement that One Health approaches provide added-value over solutions that are implemented without consideration of his interdependence (Zinnstag et al., 2012). We acknowledge that, as an emergent concept, this definition of One Health may be challenged, but the interdependence of the health of these systems is without doubt.
The current COVID-19 pandemic has once again highlighted the connection between different species and the ecosystems in which they live. As the WHO states, most of the infectious diseases identified in recent years are of zoonotic origin: SARS, avian flu, MERS, Ebola, to name but a few of the best known. Wet and wild animal markets are dangerous places that require special vigilance, but large livestock operations are also at risk of being affected by strains resistant to the antibiotics they use preventively and widely. Similarly, the destruction of many animal ecosystems causes animals to seek new habitats, closer to urbanised areas, where they can access shelter and food, increasing their interaction with humans.
While we are still deep in the throes of the COVID-19 pandemic, expert voices warn us of future zoonoses that may put us back in a similar or even worse predicament.
This monograph is open to contributions that analyse the various issues and challenges facing the concept of One Health, especially those approaching the issue from the social sciences, in general, and communication in particular.
Special monograph on One Health: Instructions for the submission of articles
Deadline for submission: 15 January 2022.
Publication due date: volume 3, 2022.
Submission languages: Catalan, Spanish, or English.
Length: 16,000 – 20,000 characters (including spaces and bibliographical references). For more information, check the Author guidelines.
Mètode Science Studies Journal is indexed in Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index, ERIH Plus and Latindex, among other databases of peer-reviewed publications.
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Lapinski, M. K, Funk, J. A., & Moccia, L. T. (2015). Recommendations for the role of social science research in One Health. Social Science & Medicine, 129, 51–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.09.048
Zinsstag, J., Meisser, A., Schelling, E., Bonfoh, B., & Tanner, M. (2012). From ‘two medicines’ to ‘One Health’ and beyond. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 79. http://www.ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/492
Zinsstag, J., Schelling, E., Waltner-Toews, D., & Tanner, M. (2011). From ‘one medicine’ to ‘One Health’ and systemic approaches to health and well-being. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 101, 148–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.07.003